What is Dyslexia?

Dyslexia affects up to 1 in 5 people, but the experience of dyslexia isn’t always the same. This difficulty in processing language exists along a spectrum — one that doesn’t necessarily fit with labels like “normal” and “defective.” Kelli Sandman-Hurley urges us to think again about dyslexic brain function and to celebrate the neurodiversity of the human brain.

Lesson by Kelli Sandman-Hurley, animation by Marc Christoforidis.

Founding of Learning Disabilities

In the late 1950’s, Samuel A. Kirk established the Institute for Research on Exceptional Children, the first multi-disciplinary research unit of its kind in the world. Kirk’s research and his development of the Illinois Test of Psycholinguistic Abilities led to the concept of “learning disabilities” and to new techniques of remedial education.

Learning Disabilities Resources

Learning Disabilities: What Parents Need to Know from the American Academy of Pediatricians: http://www.healthychildren.org/English/health-issues/conditions/learning-disabilities/Pages/Learning-Disabilities-What-Parents-Need-To-Know.aspx?nfstatus=401&nftoken=00000000-0000-0000-0000-000000000000&nfstatusdescription=ERROR%3a+No+local+token (Links to an external site.)

What Works Clearninghouse: http://ies.ed.gov/ncee/wwc/ (Links to an external site.)

The Big Ideas of Early Literacy: http://reading.uoregon.edu/ (Links to an external site.) (Links to an external site.)

DIEBELS (Dynamic Indicators of Basic Early Literacy): https://dibels.uoregon.edu/ (Links to an external site.) This is the CBM (Curriculum Based Measurement) referred to in our text for assessing basic early reading skills in the RTI process.

Texas Primary Reading Inventory (TPRI): http://www.tpri.org/index.html (Links to an external site.) Another CBM for primary reading skills.

Recording for the Blind and Dyslexic: http://www.rfbd.org/ (Links to an external site.) Recording for the Blind & Dyslexic (RFB&D) is a national organization working with educators to incorporate audiobooks into their curricula and classrooms. They provide recorded textbooks for students with visual impairment, learning disabilities, or other physical disabilities that make reading standard textbooks difficult or impossible.

PALS–Peer-Assisted Learning Strategies: http://kc.vanderbilt.edu/pals/ (Links to an external site.)

NCLD: National Center for Learning Disabilities: http://www.ncld.org/ (Links to an external site.)

LDA: Learning Disabilities Association of America: http://ldaamerica.org/ (Links to an external site.)

International Dyslexic Association: IDA Fact Sheets: http://eida.org/fact-sheets/ (Links to an external site.)

Teaching LD: http://teachingld.org/ (Links to an external site.)

Celebrities with LD Quiz: http://www.ldonline.org/article/5938/ (Links to an external site.)

LD Online: The educator’s guide to Learning Disabilities and ADHD: http://www.ldonline.org/ (Links to an external site.)

Progress Monitoring: http://www.studentprogress.org/ (Links to an external site.)

Response to Intervention (RTI) National Center: http://www.rti4success.org/ (Links to an external site.)